Burnout now appears as a legit medical diagnosis in the ICD-11’s section on problems related to employment or unemployment.
According to the handbook, doctors can diagnose someone with burnout if they meet these symptoms:
- feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion
- increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one’s job
- reduced professional efficacy
Researches also state that before making the call, doctors should first rule out adjustment disorder as well as anxiety and mood disorders. And the diagnosis is limited to work environments, and shouldn’t be applied to other life situations.